This is part two of our stroll beside the Thames, and I’m hoping today we might make a little bit more progress. aIf you recall last Monday we didn’t get very far as there was so much to see and share before we even got to the Thames, and then when we got to the Thames itself I was distracted by the enormous Gin Palace. We did though make it to the Tower of London, and that’s where we start today with part two.

The Tower of London is one of the historic royal palaces. todays-entranceThe central ‘White Tower’ began life in the 11th century; a fortress commissioned by William the Conqueror and built under the direction of the Bishop of Rochester. It was an enormous structure for its time, and would have dominated London’s skyline. Over the first few hundred years the Tower would have seen sieges, revolts, executions and lions! The building was a home, fortress and a prison. It wasn’t though until the early 17th century that a garrison was permanently maintained here. tower-of-londonAfter the restoration of the monarchy it became home to the Office of Ordnance and the new Crown Jewels were displayed here. The old ones having been melted down by Oliver Cromwell. By the mid 19th century and the departure of the Royal Mint the Tower had become the tourist attraction it is today, and in fact the Victorians rebuilt much of the site so it looked more like a medieval castle!  There were a few brief moments in the First and Second Word Wars when the Tower saw a return of state prisoners and also executions, the last one taking place in 1941. Next door to the Tower is Tower Bridge but before I take you there, here’s a photograph of a building I spotted in the distance. Isn’t it glorious.

Port of London Authority building

Turning back to the river the view is dominated by Tower Bridge. It is 122years old, and since 1982 (which must have been when I first and last went round!) it has hosted an excellent exhibition telling you all about the build.north-tower The views of the Thames from the high-raised walkways are superb, and these days you even get a view of the bridge below following the introduction of a glass floor. It is a bascule bridge which comes from the French for “see-saw”. Took 8 years to build and is constructed of steel, Cornish granite and Portland stone. The colours are relatively new as prior to 1977 it was brown. The bridge is still raised on a regular basis, and in fact if you are in London this week it is being raised today, tomorrow and Wednesday. Well worth watching the raising if you are around, exact times can be found here.tower-bridge-at-low-tide

Leaving Tower Bridge and heading into St Katharine’s Docks we began to leave the tourists behind us. These docks were built in the early part of the 19th century, and are named after the 12th century Church  which along with 1,250 homes, was destroyed to accommodate the development. I was delighted to learn last week, thanks to the Gentle Author, that the misericords survived. Do visit his recent post on St Katharine’s Church to find out more. The commercial life of the docks was relatively short, which somehow makes it even worse that as well as all the destruction around 11,000 people were displaced to enable the construction of St Katharine’s Docks. They were designed by Thomas Telford, and these days the warehouses are mostly residential, and the dock basin houses round the world yachts on their London stage as well as other yachts and a few traditional boats.

Heading back to the river along Millers Wharf we slowly made our way towards Wapping High Street. Many of the warehouses have long since gone replaced by modern glass builds and those warehouse that remain have mostly been converted into flats. Some of the new builds work, some don’t but the addition someone had made to one did make me smile! I think I would prefer to live in one of the many houseboats which can be found on this part of the Thames.

Wapping Pierhead, a little way along the High Street, marks the entrance to what was the London Docks. Like the wharves on the banks of the Thames part of the docks were demolished in the 1960s, and its main entrance closed. However the first basin as well as Georgian terraces which lined the entrance still exist and a garden has been created over the waterway. These terraces were once home to dock company officials but suspect the occupations of those who live there now are very different. The last one sold for over £2.5million and that was 3 years ago!

A few yards on from the Pierhead is the Town of Ramsgate pub, the oldest pub on the Thames. It also has an obscure link to my hometown of Winchester. The pub is where one of England’s most notorious judges – Judge Jeffreys  – was believed to have been apprehended following the Glorious Revolution in 1688 (yes the 17th century in England was a time of huge turmoil with revolutions, uprisings and restorations). town-of-ramsgateJeffreys became infamous after the failed Monmouth uprising against James II in 1685. Judge Jeffreys oversaw the trials which followed and seemed to take great pleasure in his decision to send 320 people to the gallows and hundreds more to transportation and slavery. The trials took place throughout the West Country, with the first one taking place in my hometown of Winchester (told you it was an obscure link!). The brutality of the punishments issued by the courts led to the trials becoming known as the Bloody Assizes and Jeffreys as the ‘Hanging Judge’. Unsurprisingly therefore when William of Orange’s revolution was successful three years later, Jeffreys attempted to escape the country. He failed though, having been recognised at Town of Ramsgate by someone who had been present at the trials. He was not sent to the gallows nor was he transported, however he was dragged to the Tower of London where he later died in great pain as a result of kidney disease.

wapping-old-stairsJeffreys escape plan probably involved catching a boat, as running alongside the Town of Ramsgate is one of the many dead-end passage ways which head off the High Street to the river. This one is known as ‘Wapping Old Stairs’. Once people would have stood on the stairs to hail passing wherries manned by one or two watermen. At low tide you can still walk down many of the stairs, however there are no wherries to hail these days!

I enjoyed walking along Wapping High Street, it was not at all what I expected. I wouldn’t have liked to have tried it in earlier centuries though, or even 50 years ago, as it was once a dangerous and overcrowded place. One historian described it as a ‘filthy strait passage’. on-wapping-high-streetIn the 18th century there was so much crime in the area that in 1798 the oldest uniformed police force in the country was formed here. The force was partly funded by West India Company merchants who had sustained huge losses due to theft in the area, and knew they had to do something if they were not go go bankrupt. Within one year of the force being set up they had cut the thefts by 80%. The docks have gone now, replaced by estate agents and expensive flats. However the Metropolitan Police still have a police station and a pier here.

We are now only a few steps from another pub, which also happens to be where we stopped for some Birthday refreshment. So I think I’ll stop here with a few shots of Wapping High Street in the 1960s, borrowed from James Page-Roberts’ excellent 1997 publication ‘A Guide to a Dockland of Change‘. And I’ll be back next Monday to tell you all about the next pub and part three of the walk! If you fancy joining in with your own walk then do pop across and visit Jo’s Monday Walk page to discover how.

23 thoughts

  1. If you get the chance to wander the opposite bank through Butlers Wharf and Rotherhithe village it pays its own dividends Becky. We did the whole Thames path finishing last year up in Gloucestershire. Wonderful isn’t it? Thank you for the reminder and the great pictures.

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    1. Thank you for popping by and for the great tip . . . I have explored Butlers Wharf but not Rotherhithe yet. We’ve been pondering whether to, and definitely will make sure we do now 🙂

      I’m in awe you’ve done the whole path. Did you do it in one go or in blocks over a long period of time?


      1. Took about 3 years. We tried really hard to do it by public transport which meant longish train journeys and the odd taxi towards the end. I’d love to tell you about it. There are posts on my blog if you were at a loose end ever . Search Thames Path. I’m redoing the Capital ring too which might appeal to you if you access London easily. Again there’s some posts on the blog. If you do get to Rotherhithe see if the Sand Film studio is open. It’s free to the public and they house hundreds of costumes for films like pride and prejudice and Downton (it’s where they make them) and is worth a fabulous hour or so looking round

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    1. The last few years I’ve been lucky enough to wander there quite a bit, partly because of a work project few years ago but mostly because my stepdaughters live in the area 🙂

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  2. Very interesting, Becky. And yes, I’ve discovered a fair bit about the early Seventeenth Century to know how volatile the time was! Are Tower Bridge and London Bridge different bridges? Whenever I see Tower Bridge I always see it as London Bridge for some reason…

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    1. So volatile! I’d sort of spread it out a bit more in mind.
      And yes they are different bridges but you are not the only one to think of Tower Bridge as London Bridge. London Bridge is the next one up. I think the confusion arises because everyone expects London Bridge to be rather dramatic – nursery rhyme, Americans buying it, previous versions etc – but when you get there it is quite plain. Whereas Tower Bridge is stunning and so we feel it deserves the name of ‘London Bridge’.

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  3. I thoroughly enjoyed this, Becky (despite the digs about slow walking 🙂 ) The Bridge is beautiful and I wouldn’t mind a little stroll across it myself. Next trip is definitely going to be East End London. They are my old haunts, after all. Sorry I won’t be able to feature you next Monday but I’ll catch up when I can. Hugs to you and Robert 🙂 🙂

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    1. Old haunts? How have I missed that . . tell me more.
      Enjoy the warmth of the Portuguese sunshine and air next week . . very envious. I am though now packing for our six month jaunt, less than two months to go now 🙂


      1. ah that’s true . . . . . my mum was brought up in Westminster & Chelsea and her stories of childhood don’t quite match that Westminster and Chelsea of today.

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